The version module provides version numbering for the entire PyTek package.
The PyTek packages uses a five part version number, plus an incremental release number. Either the version number or the release number can be used to identify a released version of the code.
The version number is a four part dotted number, with an optional tag on the end. Formally, a version number looks like:
version number ::= <Major>.<minor>[.<patch>[.<semantic>]][-[x-]<tag>]
With each new released version of the code, exactly one of the four numbers will increase, and any numbers to its right will reset to 0.
The easiest way to understand version numbers is from the perspective of someone who has written client code: i.e., code that makes use of a particular version of the PyTek library. From this perspective, the version number indicates whether or not your client code can be expected to work with different versions of PyTek.
The <Major> component is the major version number, and it describes backward compatibility. Going to a newer version of PyTek, your code should continue to work as long as the major version doesn’t change.
The major version is changed only when something is removed from the PyTek public interface. For instance, if a function is no longer supported, the major version number would have to increase, because client code which relied on that function would no longer work.
The major version number can be accessed through the MAJOR member of this module.
The <minor> component is the minor version number, and it describes forward compatibility: Going to an older version of PyTek, your code will continue to work as long as the minor version doesn’t change. (As before, your code will also work for newer versions of PyTek, as long as the major version number hasn’t changed).
The minor version number is changed only when something is added to the PyTek public interface, for instance a new function is added. Such a change maintains backward compatibility (as described above), but loses forward compatibility, because any client code written again this new version may not work with an older version.
The minor version number can be accessed through the MINOR member of this module.
The <patch> component is the patch number, and it describes changes that do not affect compatibility, either forwards or backwards. Your client code will continue to work with an older or newer version of PyTek as long as the major and minor version numbers are the same, regardless of the patch number.
Patch changes are code changes that do not effect the interface, for instance bug-fixes or performance enhancements. (although some bugs effect the interface and may therefore cause a higher version number to change).
The patch number can be accessed through the PATCH member of this module.
The <semantic> component is the semantic version number, and it describes changes that do not affect how the code runs at all. Ths generally means that documentation or other auxilliary files included in the package have changed.
The semantic version number can be accessed through the SEMANTIC member of this module.
The following table summarizes compatibility for a hypothetical client application built against released PyTek version M.n.p.s:
|Component||Compatibile (all)||Incompatible (any)|
|minor||>= n||< n|
The <tag> component is the version tag, which is used only for non-released code. The tag has one of the following forms:
version tag ::= << empty >> dev[-<rev>] blood-<branch>[-<rev>]
The first form is an empty tag, and is reserved for released (tagged) code only.
The second form, "dev", is for non-released code in the trunk. This is the main line of development. Dev code may not be completely functional, and may even break the existing interface.
The third form, "blood-...", if for non-released code on a branch. The <branch> component of this form should be the name of the branch. This is considered bleeding-edge code and may be highly unstable.
The optional <rev> component on both the second and third forms can be used to specify a specific revision for comitted development code. This must be an globally unambiguous identifier for the revision, for instance the change set id.
A non-empty version tag indicates a development version of the code. In this case, the four version numbers remain unchanged until the code is released (in which case it is no longer development code, and the tag is changed to empty).
In other words, anytime you see a non-empty version tag, the version numbers shown refer to version from which the development code is derived. This is done because it is not generally known until release what the next released version number will be, since it is not known what types of changes will be included in it.
When specifying a version number, the major and minor version numbers should always be included. Additionally, all non-zero version numbers should be included, and any version number to the left of a non-zero version number should be included.
The tag should always be included in the version number, with the indicated hyphen separating the semantic version number and the tag. The only exception is for released code, in which case the tag is empty and should be omitted, along with the joining hyphen.
The optional "x-" shown preceding the tag in the version number is for compatibility with setup-tools so that versions compare correctly.
The above rules will unambiguously describe any released version of the package.
Because any change to the public interface requires a change to either the major or minor version numbers, the interface can be specified by a shortened two part version:
interface version ::= <Major>.<minor>
Note that this only applies for released versions: development versions may modify the public interface prior to changing the version numbers.
The release number is a simple integer which increments by one for every public release of the code. It does not convey any information about compatibility with other versions, but it does provide a simple alternative to identifying released versions.
The release number should be written with a leading "r" or "rel". For instance, the first release was "r1".
For release code, the release number may be used in place of the tag in the version number. This is optional because the version number and the release number are synonymous. However, including them both in the version string is a useful way to provide both pieces of information.
This alternative form of the version number is:
alt. version number ::= <Major>.<minor>[.<patch>[.<semantic>]]-r<release>
- pytek.version.YEAR = 2014¶
The year in which the code was released.
- pytek.version.MONTH = 4¶
The month in which the code was released. This is 1 indexed, in [1, 12].
- pytek.version.DAY = 10¶
The day of the month on which the code was released.
- pytek.version.TAG = None¶
The current Version Tag.
Tag options are None, "dev", and "blood-"
- None means this is a released/tagged version.
- "dev" means this is a development version from the trunk/mainline.
- "blood-" means it’s on a branch. After the dash, fill in the name of the branch.
Dev and blood versions are still numbered for the previous version, because we may not know what the next version will be until we’re finished.
- pytek.version.MONTH_NAMES = ['Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun', 'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec']¶
A sequence giving the names of months, for use by datestr. Standard values are three-letter English-language abbreviations for the months of the Gregorian calendar.
Returns the version string used by setuptools. This takes one of two forms:
setuptools_string ::= <Major>.<minor>.<patch>.<semantic>-x-<tag> <Major>.<minor>.<patch>.<semantic>-r<release>
The first form is used for development code (i.e., when TAG is not None), and the second it used for released code.
This is similar to string, except for the additional x- for development versions, which is used to ensure that setuptools sorts versions correctly. (specifically, so that released versions are earler than development versions which are derived from them).
Returns the tag name for the most recent release.
Returns a string describing the Interface Version (i.e., <Major>.<minor>).
Returns a simple string giving the date of release. Format of this string is unspecified, it intended to be human readable, not machine parsed. For machine processing, use the individual variables, as listed below.